On the site of an earlier temple built by Marcus Agrippa during the rule of Augustus, in 609 AD, formerly a Roman temple, the Pantheon is now a Catholic cathedral in Rome, Italy. Hadrian renovated it, and it was most likely consecrated in 126 AD.
Due to the lengthy processing periods for the green pass, arrive at the meeting place 30 minutes before the start of your booked activity.
Learn about the past of this Roman relic, which was once a temple to 12 deities.
Step onto the temple's original marble floor by passing through the Corinthian columns, which were brought there from Egypt.
Let's begin by looking at the Pantheon on Rome's architecture. Emperor Hadrian was a fan of Greek culture, which is reflected in the portico's construction. The 40-foot-tall, five-foot-diameter columns are difficult to overlook. Looking at the building's exterior will indeed make you queasy, but wait till you see what's within.
The Pantheon is constructed as a round drum or rotunda. The dome of the Pantheon features a hole in the middle, which is mathematical perfection. In terms of measurements, the sphere's height is 43.3 meters, or equal to its radius. In truth, the Pantheon in Rome continues to maintain the title of the largest unsupported cement dome in the world.
You must consider that as you enter the Pantheon, you are doing so into a structure that has seen continuous human habitation for the past 1,900 years! Nothing will likely impress if that information doesn't. How many more examples of historic structures do you know of that allow you to say that? Indeed, one can come up with no other. Embrace it.
You get one of those exceptional glimpses into old life and architecture just by looking at the edifice. Therefore, this building is crucial for both contemporary archaeology and for common people who enjoy daydreaming about life in the past.
The oculus, or eye in Latin, refers to the central opening. The opening's function is extremely important for the architecture and stability of the Pantheon despite its religious connotation as a portal to another realm. The only source of daylight light in the structure is the Oculus.
A beam of sunlight passes through the Pantheon's Oculus and out the grille above the entrance gate at noon on April 21, Rome's birthday, when the sun is at the equinox. The effect is that the light enters the grille and illuminates the courtyard. Think about how the ancient Romans constructed the Pantheon to get this effect 2,000 years ago to get an idea of how astounding this is.
Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma RM, Italy