Rome's most finest and appealing place is the Flavian Amphitheater, also referred to as the Colosseum. You have the option of independently exploring this well-known tourist destination or joining a guided tour for more details and the chance to ask questions as you go.
The Colosseum nevertheless gives off a strong impression of its former form despite damage from earthquakes, fire, and neglect, as well as its transformation into a fortress of the Frangipani family, the theft of its stone for palace construction, and the ongoing smog from modern traffic around it.
The Colosseum, the greatest monument still standing from ancient Rome, was built by Vespasian in AD 72 and expanded eight years later by his son Titus by adding a fourth story. The enormous statue of Nero nearby, known as the colossus after the Colossus of Rhodes, gave the region its name; the Colosseum itself was originally a part of Nero's Domus Aurea, a sprawling palace complex in the heart of ancient Rome.
At one end of the arena, a bronze cross honors the Christian martyrs who are thought to have perished there during the Roman Imperial era. In reality, there is scant proof that the arena was used for this, and it wasn't until the 16th century that it was identified as a site of Christian martyrs.
Although the volcanic stone was utilized to build structures all across Rome, the north side's residual tiers of arches and pilasters still stand. Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian architectural styles are represented on the first level, respectively. The Colosseum's original inner wall is what seems to be the structure's exterior. Only a few pieces of the four major entrances' original painted stucco reliefs are still visible.
Despite being integrated for centuries with the Colosseum into the Frangipani family's castle, it is the largest and finest maintained Roman triumphal arch at 21 meters tall. Some of the images shown on the arch's decorations, such as a boar hunt and an Apollo sacrifice, have little to do with Constantine and victory because they were copied from older constructions.
The walls of the hypogeum, cages for exotic animals, a massive two-story underground maze of tunnels connecting gladiator training rooms, and storerooms that were buried beneath the floor can all still be seen because it was long since destroyed. Complex machinery carried scenery and zoo animals to the arena, and historical reports claim that the arena occasionally held water for dummy naval engagements.
Piazza del Colosseo, 00184 Rome Italy