The Pantheon is often considered one of the most aesthetically pleasing and recognizably Parisian structures. Numerous essential figures from French history are buried there, and this location is also home to many additional mysteries.
As a result of the destruction caused by both the First and Second World Wars, the Pantheon has been the subject of a great deal of architectural innovation and improvement. As a result of the many alterations that have been made to the Pantheon throughout the years, visitors will notice that the monument combines several different architectural styles. The architectural style is referred to as neoclassical because it draws inspiration from ancient classical elements and then reinterprets those motifs in a way considered modern or 'neo' several centuries later. The neoclassical building is impressive and has a symmetry that is very attractive to the eye. Additionally, it was constructed on the highest point in the 5th arrondissement, which, while not nearly as lofty as Montmartre, nonetheless offers a good overview.
Inside, the structure has the appearance of the church for which it was originally intended; there are soaring arches, magnificent paintings, and columns all over the place. When seen from the interior and illuminated by the sun, the dome looks particularly stunning. Marble sculptures and paintings make up the artwork, an unusual mix of secularism and religion symbolizing the building's dual use throughout its history.
You can see a large Foucault pendulum at the place of the altar. This is a gadget that a Frenchman built in the middle of the 1800s that verifies the rotation of the Earth. It was groundbreaking for its day when most people thought of the Earth as the center of the universe and believed that the sun and planets rotate around it. A replica of the pendulum is currently on exhibit in the Panthéon. However, the original may be seen at the Musée des Arts et Métiers, located in the third arrondissement.
The crypt is an underground room that serves as the ultimate resting place for illustrious French authors, poets, and scientists in this chamber. As the inscription that can be found above the entrance says, 'To the great men, the country is thankful,' the nation shows its appreciation for the contributions that its great men have made to France by interring them in the Panthéon. The graves of thinkers Voltaire and Rousseau, novelists Hugo and Zola, and resistance fighter Jean Moulin are among those that may be visited. You may also visit the grave of Marie Curie, who is the only woman buried in the cemetery because of her achievements.
You may get magnificent views of the city if you climb the dome's colonnade. It provides a view that encompasses practically the entirety of Paris.
Statue de Corneille
Jean Jacques Rousseau Statue
Église Saint-Étienne-du-Mont de Paris
Pont de l'Archevêché
Place du Pantheon, 75005 Paris France