The name 'Sigiriya' comes from two words: 'Simha,' which means lion, and 'Giri,' which means mountain. Together, these words form the name of the rock fortress.' The location includes a meticulously constructed castle, ruined halls, a citadel, the Mirror Wall, and several antique paintings on the walls known as 'Frescoes.'
The primary entrance can be found in the granite face that is located to the north. It was fashioned in the likeness of a massive stone lion, whose feet have been preserved throughout history even though the rest of the animal's body was destroyed.
This ancient palace and fortress complex is the Eighth Wonder of the World by the natives. It is visited by millions of tourists each year due to its considerable archaeological importance.
• Learn about the history of the site:
Over several thousand years, Sigiriya's neighboring regions were kept under close control. During the latter half of the fifth century, King Kasyapa decided to build a royal house in this location. Sigiriya was repurposed as a Buddhist monastery after he passed away and remained such until the 14th century when it was finally abandoned.
• Observe the intricate patterns:
Visitors at Sigiriya have contributed inscriptions and poems painted on the wall known as the Mirror. The Sigiriya Mirror Wall is one of the most eye-catching elements of the ancient city. In days gone by, it would be polished to such a shine that the king could see his reflection in it.
The earliest inscriptions that have been found date back to the eighth century. At this time, painting directly on the wall is not permitted.
• Bask in the beautiful views:
The vista astounds guests due to the one-of-a-kind balance between the natural world and the imagination of humans. The magma of an extinct volcano created the rock plateau of Sigiriya, which stands around 200 meters above the surrounding jungles.
The ruined palace is part of the fortress complex, which also features enormous gardens, ponds, canals, alleys, and fountains. An elaborate network of defenses rings the entire structure.
• Explore the area:
It is made up of a citadel and has ruins of palaces, the Lion Gate, gardens, moats, the Mirror Wall, and a significant number of stunning frescoes (paintings made in wet plaster on walls). The carved lion claws that can be found at the entrance of the Lion Gate are where the location acquired its name.
Rock front, Sigiriya, Sri Lanka